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وبعــــــــــــــــد شرح وتفصيل لـ: روايات , مسرحيات وقصائد خاصة بمناهجهن من الفرقة الأولى إلى الفرقة الرابعة. وبالله التوفيق
روايــــــــــــــه (صورسيده )للكاتب هنري جيمس The Portrait of a Lady *Introduction: Henry James 1881 Henry James was an established author when The Portrait of a Lady was published. The novel was first published serially in 1880 and 1881, appearing in Macmillan's Magazine in England and in Atlantic in the United States. The first book edition was published in 1881. The Portrait of a Lady was widely, and mostly favorably, reviewed. Some reviewers recognized it immediately as James's most important novel thus far, and a few called it a masterpiece. Both of these opinions have been affirmed as time has passed. Many scholars consider The Portrait of a Lady one of the greatest novels in modern literature. Its heroine, Isabel Archer, is widely considered one of James's most powerful characters. The Portrait of a Lady is, above all, Isabel's story. Following the technique of Russian author Ivan Turgenev, James makes Isabel the axis around which the story revolves. All the story's events, and all the other characters, exist only to serve the purpose of revealing Isabel to the reader. البقية بإمكانك تحميلها من المرفقات *Author Biography: *Plot Summary: Chapters 1 – 9 Chapters 10 – 14 Chapters 15 – 21 Chapters 22 – 35 Chapters 36 – 55 تابع روايه صوره سيده : Isabel Archer The novel's central character, Isabel is a young American woman who embodies all the best of what James depicts as American qualities, especially vitality, sincerity, and independence. As the novel opens, Isabel is arriving at the English home of her aunt and uncle. Her father has recently died. (Her mother died previously.) Her aunt, who traveled to the United States after Isabel's father's death, feels that Isabel has more potential than her circumstances in America will allow her to fulfill, and so she brings Isabel back to England with her. Isabel wins the admiration of everyone she meets, including her cousin Ralph. Ralph talks his dying father into leaving half his estate to Isabel so that she can be free to do as she pleases. In addition to this benefactor, Isabel also has suitors. Caspar Goodwood travels from America to urge Isabel to marry him. Lord Warburton, a wealthy friend of the Touchett family, also wants to marry Isabel. But Isabel's independent nature leads her to reject both men. She finds Caspar boring and turns down Warburton partly because she is not ready to marry and partly because she fears life with him would be too easy. She longs for some adventure — even for some difficulty that will test her resourcefulness and mettle. Isabel's independent spirit is the driving force in her personality, and it is what propels her into an unhappy marriage. When she falls in love with Gilbert Osmond, her friends and relatives almost unanimously warn her against him. But she refuses to take anyone's counsel but her own and learns too late that she completely misjudged her husband. Her failure to accurately judge Gilbert's character springs from an innocence that is characteristic of youth and also, in James's view, of Americans. Isabel's direct, trusting nature is contrasted to thatof the book's European characters, who have secret pasts and ulterior motives for everything they do. Although she makes a bad marriage, Isabel is not a tragic character. Once she realizes that she made a mistake in marrying Gilbert, she resolves to bring her strength of character to bear upon the circumstances that she has created by her own free choice. By refusing to leave her marriage, Isabel refuses to adopt the corrupt ways of her European circle. Instead, Isabel intends to graciously and courageously accept the consequences of her unwise decision and to make the best life she can. بقية الشخصية في المرفقات Mr. Bantling Countess Gemini Caspar Goodwood Madame Merle Gilbert Osmond Pansy Osmond Henrietta Stackpole Mr. Touchett Mrs. Touchett Ralph Touchett Lord Warburton و *Themes و *Style و Point of View و *Historical Con**** تابع :,صوره سيده, الجزء الاخير : *Critical Overview و *Criticism و *Sources في المرفقات..
دعواتكم لي مسرحيه "موت بائع "للكاتب أرثر ميلر
Death of a Salesman
Arthur Miller’s Death of a Salesman is considered by many to be both the playwright’s masterpiece and a cornerstone of contemporary American drama. Subtitled Certain Private Conversations in Two Acts and a Requiem, the play was first produced in 1949 and struck an immediate, emotional chord with audiences. The work garnered numerous honors and awards, including the Pulitzer Prize and the New York Drama Critics Circle Award and enjoyed a lengthy run (742 performances) on Broadway. In the decades following its premiere, Death of Salesman has become one of the most performed and adapted plays in American theatrical history. Much of this success is attributed to Miller’s facility in portraying the universal hopes and fears of middle-class America. Through his main character, Willy Loman, Miller examines the myth of the American Dream and the shallow promise of happiness through material wealth. He uses Willy as an example of how undivided faith in such a dream can often yield tragic results, especially when it goes largely unfulfilled. Audiences have continued to respond to this theme because, in some incarnation, the American Dream has persisted; a viewer can watch Death of a Salesman and relate Willy’s situation to their own compromised ideals and missed opportunities. More than a cautionary tale, however, Miller’s work is also revered for its bold realism and riveting theatricality, a play that deals in weighty emotional issues without descending to melodrama.
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تــــــــــــابع :’مسرحيه موت بائع ’للكاتب ارثرميلر
تابع ‘مسرحيه موت بائع ‘للكاتب ارثر ميلر :